Air freight – it doesn’t get any faster!

The transport of goods or goods by air freight was really only known in 1960, before this transport option was not in use. Not to mention military actions, of course. Because very large aircraft are now being built, it is possible to transport even large and heavy goods. If you just think of the plane called “Guppy”, it becomes clear what kind of large goods can be shipped by air freight. Airplanes whose fuselage is considerably enlarged are called “guppies” in specialist circles.

Usually the guppy is a fish. These expanded-hull aircraft are named after the fish because guppies have a badly bloated stomach when they are pregnant. These fish are viviparous. The conversion of aircraft made it possible to transport bulky, very large and heavy goods that could not be accommodated in normal aircraft. This type of conversion of the aircraft, i.e. the “guppies”, resulted in an almost revolutionary advancement in air freight. The Boeing B-377 Stratocruiser is the best known example of such an aircraft conversion. NASA gave the order at the time, as ever larger rocket parts were being built and these had to be transported from one place to another.

The cargo aircraft has grown rapidly over the past 40 years, as air freight transports it quickly.

Advantages of air freight:

 The biggest advantage is certainly the speed. The fastest journey time is of course achieved with an airplane. This cannot be achieved with any other means of transport.
 Inexpensive because storage costs or waiting times are minimal, if at all due to environmental influences such as storms or heavy snowfall.
 Punctuality, as the flight plans are adhered to very precisely, so that the precise timing can be made.
 Security, as this is a very “short” transport route. Here, too, risks are natural or environmental influences.

 Disadvantages of air freight:

 The biggest disadvantage is probably the pollutant emissions, i.e. the emissions from an aircraft. They are of course much higher and more polluting than other means of transport.
 You cannot send all goods or goods by air freight.
 The costs are higher than for transport on the ground, for example by truck or by sea freight, since the actual energy consumption of an aircraft is extremely high.
 There must generally be two cargo airports to transport the goods and deliver them to their destination. If the cargo airports are too far away from the start or destination, the costs rise again because the goods have to be transported to or from the cargo airport in order to reach the actual destination.
 Usually two additional transshipment processes are necessary, which, as already mentioned above, the goods have to be transported in between.
 Air freight should only be chosen if it is a long distance. For short distances, trucking is faster and cheaper.

 Which goods are better to be transported by air freight?

 Exotic fruits and vegetables
 important documents
 Certain textiles
 Human organs for transplants

Every second counts, especially when it comes to organs that have been approved for transplants. In many cases it is also the case that the donor lives in a completely different country than the patient who needs the organ. Organs can only be used for a certain period of time, which is why they are always transported by air freight. This transport route goes without saying for animals. Vegetables and fruit are also perishable and must be transported quickly. Even high-quality goods are usually transported by air, as safety is the top priority.

Legal basis of air freight:

As with all transport options, there is a need for a legal basis for air transport which is properly consumed with Pakistan Cargo Dubai. There is a so-called agreement (contract) so that the aircraft can fly over the different countries unhindered.  All states that operate air traffic are members of the ICAO. This organization also selected the English language as the general “aviation language”. The ICAO regulates international traffic rights, which also include the “freedoms of the air”.

Freedom of the air

 The right to fly over a certain country with which an agreement is made without landing.
 The right to carry cargo, airmail or people picked up in the country concerned.
 The right to land, to refill fuel, to have repairs carried out or to change personnel, i.e. non-commercial landings.
 The right to accept passengers from the country in order to transport them to their own country from which the aircraft originates. This is also called “neighborhood traffic”.
 The right to transport people, freight or mail from and to a third country. However, this means that the flight must begin and end in your home country.
 The right to take in people from the respective country, but also to fly to a third country, but without the aircraft taking off and landing in your own country.
 The right to operate between countries without any connection to the home country. It doesn’t happen that often.

Furthermore there is a kind of 8th freedom: the “cabotage law”. This right allows people, goods and mail to be transported between at least two, but also more, airports within the territory of a foreign country. By the way, a sovereign territory is the airspace over a certain country.



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